Psychological testing: old specialty, new markets
By Jonathan Rich, Ph.D. July 1, 2007
Psychological testing is an important part of psychology’s history. Opinions about its future are wide ranging. Some psychologists believe it’s a nearly obsolete tool while others see it as a specialty area with tremendous growth potential.
Payment trends Psychological testing has followed a reimbursement course similar to that of psychotherapy . With the incursion of managed care in the 1980s and 1990s, payment amounts were reduced and the kind and quantity of services were limited by “medical necessity” criteria. Third-party payers vigorously followed these criteria and that dramatically slashed reimbursement for testing. Typically, psychological testing is considered medically necessary if the diagnosis is still unclear after thorough diagnostic interviewing.
However, psychologists have had some good news with regard to insurance reimbursement for testing. Although some Master’s level mental health practitioners have expanded their practices to include psychological testing, insurance typically only pays when a psychologist performs the test. Despite overall declines in Medicare payments, the rate for psychological testing has actually increased recently.
In January 2006, Medicare introduced new billing codes that distinguish tests administered by psychologists from those administered by a technician or assistant. This resulted in a 26 percent to 69 percent increase in payment for outpatient testing by psychologists.
Aurelio Prifitera, Ph.D., psychologist and president of Harcourt Assessment International, sees mental health parity laws as another factor which will reverse the trend toward declining payment for psychological testing. Parity laws require that mental health insurance reimbursement be on equal footing as physical health payments.
Survey of testing psychologists / In a 2007 survey in 18 states, I asked 32 psychologists that use testing in their practice if they saw psychological opportunities becoming more of less plentiful, their opinions about the future of testing and the psychological testing niches.
What was most remarkable about these results was the diversity of opinions. Forty-seven percent of respondents believed that, for psychologists in general, the market for psychological testing was shrinking, while 22 percent saw the market growing. The remainder had not seen a change. But when these psychologists were asked whether they had experienced a growth in testing opportunities in their own practice, 42 percent answered affirmatively.
One recurring theme among the most pessimistic psychologists was that insurance and managed care had drastically reduced payments. A North Carolina psychologist stated, “Managed care and insurance reimbursement have been drastically cut. Testing such as the MMPI, which used to be a regular part of the intake, is not done at all.” Others lamented that testing is being less emphasized in graduate training. John L. Reeves II, Ph.D., ABPP, professor and director of behavioral medicine services at UCLA’s Orofacial Pain Clinic said, “Sadly, the majority of psychology graduate schools are doing a very poor job of teaching psychometric testing and psychodiagnostics. Few graduate departments even require a competency evaluation on such gold standard tests as the MMPI.”
Psychologists with specialized training such as neuropsychology had the most positive attitudes or had found niches outside traditional medical insurance arena. Frank Cushing, Ph.D., practicing in Rockford, Ill., was among the most optimistic respondents. He sees some societal trends opening new markets, including schools asking for violence risk assessments and courts asking for sex offender evaluations. He noted requests for “ ADHD evaluations have increased with more data about children being overmedicated.”
Surveyed psychologists who perform testing reported an average minimum $850 charge for a test battery and an average maximum of $2,550. Those with a subspecialty in neuropsychology reported an average range of $1,000 to $3,260.
There appears to be no shortage of opportunities for creative and entrepreneurial psychologists. Professional school admission tests, such as the LSAT (Law School Admission Test), require specific documentation in order to accommodate learning disabilities (see lsat.org).
Other new niches include testing for citizenship waivers, pre-surgical evaluations and assessments to screen candidates for the ministry or police work. Matchmaking services such as eHarmony use psychologist expertise to design and validate tests that pair kindred spirits with each other.
Prifitera commented that testing is expanding into business settings to assess talent and into primary care medical settings to screen for mental health needs. In these contexts, psychologists may have a less direct role but are still needed to manage the assessment process.
Traditionally, testing has been done to guide mental health treatment planning. While economic pressures have decreased the demand for this application, new markets continue to make testing a viable, exciting and expanding area of practice.
Jonathan Rich, Ph.D., is a psychologist in private practice in Irvine, Calif., specializing in psychological testing. His website is PsychologicalTesting.com. He is the author of The Couple’s Guide to Love and Money. His e-mail address is: [email protected].
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
Essay Writing Service Features
Our ExperienceNo matter how complex your assignment is, we can find the right professional for your specific task. Nursing Area is an essay writing company that hires only the smartest minds to help you with your projects. Our expertise allows us to provide students with high-quality academic writing, editing & proofreading services.
Free revision policy$10
Free bibliography & reference$8
Free title page$8
How Our Essay Writing Service Works
First, you will need to complete an order form. It's not difficult but, in case there is anything you find not to be clear, you may always call us so that we can guide you through it. On the order form, you will need to include some basic information concerning your order: subject, topic, number of pages, etc. We also encourage our clients to upload any relevant information or sources that will help.Complete the order form
Once we have all the information and instructions that we need, we select the most suitable writer for your assignment. While everything seems to be clear, the writer, who has complete knowledge of the subject, may need clarification from you. It is at that point that you would receive a call or email from us.Writer’s assignment
As soon as the writer has finished, it will be delivered both to the website and to your email address so that you will not miss it. If your deadline is close at hand, we will place a call to you to make sure that you receive the paper on time.Completing the order and download